Coral Bleaching

By Katherine Bethell Marine invertebrates called coral are essential for maintaining the health of the world’s oceans; they provide a habitat for a diverse range of plant and animal species whilst protecting coastal areas by absorbing wave power. However, the so-called bleaching of coral threatens its survival and function globally.  Bleaching is characterised by theContinue reading “Coral Bleaching”

Next Generation Sequencing

By Mark Comer The development of Sanger sequencing in 1977 laid the foundation for DNA sequencing technologies and continued to be the leading technique for the discovery of DNA sequences until the 1990s.  With the genome of a bacteriophage the first to be sequenced in the same year, sequencing technology continued to be developed. ReplacingContinue reading “Next Generation Sequencing”

MTDL’s – The silver bullet to Alzheimers disease?

By Killian Robinson Alzheimer’s is a terrible disease that causes neurological deterioration which can often lead to other diseases like dementia. There are currently 50 million cases of Alzheimer’s worldwide which is a startling figure and is estimated to almost double every decade, with 82 million cases projected in 2030 and 152 million in 2050Continue reading “MTDL’s – The silver bullet to Alzheimers disease?”

On food diets, carbon footprints and health: a complex issue

By Clemence Blanchard Whether or not we are aware – or care – about it, food contributes substantially to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In spite of this, food remains at the center of our lives, health and culture-wise – and will continue to do so in the future. This issue is currently exacerbated by our growingContinue reading “On food diets, carbon footprints and health: a complex issue”

The Emerging Field of Cancer Neuroscience

                                                                    By Lingyi Wang  It’s well known that the nervous system plays an important role in maintaining health and wellbeing for vertebrate organisms. Just like blood vessels distributed throughout the body, in most animals, all tissues and organs (except for cartilages and lens) are surrounded by a network of nerves, namely the peripheral nervous system (PNS).Continue reading “The Emerging Field of Cancer Neuroscience”

Repurposing a Drug to Treat Osteosarcoma

By Sashini Ranawana  The increasing feasibility of sequencing whole human genomes has enabled the identification of genetic risk factors for numerous cancers and illnesses. Sequence variations in the BRCA1 gene have been firmly linked to ovarian and breast cancer, mutations in the RUNX1 gene predispose individuals to develop acute myeloid leukaemia, while the presence of the E4 allele for the apolipoprotein E is associated with Alzheimer’sContinue reading “Repurposing a Drug to Treat Osteosarcoma”

Epigenetic remodelling drugs in cancer treatment

By Sabino Méndez Pastor There is no doubt that cancer is one of the major health burdens of our time. The World Health Organisation (World Health Organisation, 2021) estimates that it claimed 9.6 million lives in 2018, making it the second leading cause of death globally. Cancer chemotherapy has been one of the most importantContinue reading “Epigenetic remodelling drugs in cancer treatment”

AlphaFold 2: Unfolding the Future of Predicting Protein Structures

By Audrey Ko Proteins are macromolecules that are essential for many biological functions within our body. The specific function of a protein depends on its unique 3D structure which is the result of folding of a chain or chains of amino acids. For the past decades, researchers have developed different experimental techniques for determining theContinue reading “AlphaFold 2: Unfolding the Future of Predicting Protein Structures”

Bioadhesive hydrogels: making stem cell patches possible?

By Martina Torcè Stem cell treatments have witnessed a surge in development during the last two decades. What makes these treatments so desirable is the opportunity to use the patient’s own cells, which removes the need for immunosuppressants, which greatly improves the patients’ quality of life post-treatment. Stem cells can be reprogrammed into a varietyContinue reading “Bioadhesive hydrogels: making stem cell patches possible?”

Axonal Regeneration: PNS vs CNS

By Marina Artemiou The term neuroregeneration refers to the regrowth or repair of nervous tissues by the generation of new neurons, glial cells, axons, myelin, or synapses. In nerve injuries that lead to axonal disruption or nerve transection, the nerve becomes divided into a proximal segment which is still attached to cell body, and aContinue reading “Axonal Regeneration: PNS vs CNS”