Desert microbes, crops, and climate change

By Simran Patel Deserts are one of the harshest environments in the world because of their extreme temperatures, low water levels, high salinity, high solar radiation1 and lack of soil nutrients2. School biology curricula often use desert animals and plants as examples of how life has adapted to places humans considered uninhabitable. However, those examples overlookContinue reading Desert microbes, crops, and climate change

New horizons for breast reconstruction 

By Themis Halka Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in females, affecting 1 in 8 women in the UK.1 Several treatment options are available, including radiotherapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and surgery. Surgery currently remains extensively used, either alone or in combination. Two such surgical procedures are available depending on the type and stageContinue reading New horizons for breast reconstruction 

What makes G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) highly desirable drug targets?

By Nishka Mahajan G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) comprise the most extensive class of cell-surface receptors within eukaryotes, with over 820 encoded by the human genome. They are primarily responsible for mediating multiple cell-signalling pathways (physiological processes), making them ideal targets for more than one-third of pharmaceutical applications and therapeutic interventions. Furthermore, their characteristic features ofContinue reading What makes G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) highly desirable drug targets?

Can COVID-19 aggravate Alzheimer’s Disease?

By Emmeleia Psyllaki Coronavirus disease 2019, widely known as COVID-19, is a very infectious disease that is caused by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 or SARS-CoV-2 for short1.  The intensity of symptoms of infection can vary from those of a mild to moderate respiratory illness and relatively quick recovery without medical attention to thoseContinue reading Can COVID-19 aggravate Alzheimer’s Disease?

Wearable technology and its impacts on healthcare and fashion

By Asia Lie Wearable technology is a growing sector in the technology industry. With a market size of 115.8 billion USD in 2021, its size is expected to triple by 20281. Wearable technology is extensive and includes a variety of devices, or wearables, worn on or attached to a person2. The industry encompasses products fromContinue reading “Wearable technology and its impacts on healthcare and fashion”

The effects of overfishing and climate change on marine life

By Naveesha Karunanayaka  As the global population grows and the demand for food becomes ever higher, the strain on marine ecosystems increases. ‘Catching fish is not inherently bad for the ocean, except for when vessels catch fish faster than stocks can replenish, something called overfishing,’ remarks the WWF on the matter.1 While some fishing is done inContinue reading “The effects of overfishing and climate change on marine life”

Facemasks that can diagnose COVID

By Madeleine Eaton At this point in the pandemic, we’ve all become familiar with the COVID-19 test – shoving a swab down one’s nose or throat until they sneeze or paying exorbitant amounts for PCR certificates. But what if there were a different way – something user friendly and low cost that could be adaptedContinue reading Facemasks that can diagnose COVID

Metabolic engineering for drug discovery 

By Jenny Tang Metabolic engineering can be best defined as manipulating a combination of genetic and regulatory processes within cells to increase production of a product. Although chemical synthesis was originally widely used to synthesize new pharmaceuticals, natural products have evolved for purposes other than human therapeutics. Using metabolic engineering, scientists can accelerate the productionContinue reading Metabolic engineering for drug discovery “

Managing an evolving relationship between trawling and marine life 

By Alice de Bernardy  Overfishing and ocean pollution are only a portion of the results of today’s fishing activity. Although fishing can be a great and sustainable source of food and income under appropriate scales, the reality remains that a quarter of global fishing comes from trawling activity,  in which immense nets are dragged throughContinue reading “Managing an evolving relationship between trawling and marine life “

 The process and implications of gene editing in humans

By Pia Skok             Gene editing is a process during which nuclease-based gene editing machinery is delivered into the cell where it adds and deletes genes as well as performs other highly targeted site-specific genomic modifications using DNA repair mechanisms.1 This allows us to create precisely manipulated genomes of cells or organisms to gain or modify aContinue reading  The process and implications of gene editing in humans