PCR and its usages in microbiology

By Jenny Tang PCR, also known as polymerase chain reaction, is a method involving the use of a small amount of DNA to create large quantities of DNA. There are numerous advantages to using PCR, which makes it ideal for many purposes. PCR requires only a small trace of DNA to work with to createContinue reading “PCR and its usages in microbiology”

Lessons learnt from resurrection plants – food security and drought tolerance

By Cristina Vuolo Water scarcity is one of the greatest threats to agriculture, and its impact on global food security is severely exacerbated by our changing climate (Farrant, 2020). Food security exists when everyone has access to enough safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary requirements in a way that can be sustained intoContinue reading “Lessons learnt from resurrection plants – food security and drought tolerance”

The overuse of antibiotics

By Haoyu Li Since the discovery of penicillin by Sir Alexander Fleming in 1928, new technology has been continuing to advance, such as genetic modification, which allowed us to mass produce all kinds of antibiotics and never are antibiotics in shortage. This allowed modern medicine to develop rapidly with even the most complicated surgeries ableContinue reading “The overuse of antibiotics”

The Power of a Single Cell

By Aarushi Bellani One of the turning points in molecular biology research emerged with the discovery of Sanger sequencing in the 1970s. This technique enabled scientists to accurately determine the contents of the genome of any organism from a microscopic virus (Sanger et al., 1977) to human beings themselves (Lander et al., 2001). After itsContinue reading “The Power of a Single Cell”

Multiple sclerosis and the potential of monoclonal antibody treatments

By Luciano Marinelli Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune and inflammatory disease affecting myelinated axons in the central nervous system (CNS). With more than 300,000 patients in the US (Goldenberg, 2012), new treatments are constantly being developed to help symptoms, even though there is still no cure. The use of monoclonal antibodies has beenContinue reading “Multiple sclerosis and the potential of monoclonal antibody treatments”

Edible Plant Vaccines: What are they?

Tse, Clarice As the COVID-19 pandemic plagued our world, we are no strangers to the latest research and development of vaccines and medications. With our enhanced awareness towards vaccination, the recent innovation of edible vaccines has gained wide attention. “Edible vaccines” is a self-explanatory name; vaccines that are edible, usually in the form of plantsContinue reading “Edible Plant Vaccines: What are they?”

Combating Antimicrobial Resistance with Bacteriocins

By Ceara Harper It is unquestionable that we are plummeting into a global health catastrophe from the misuse and overuse of antibiotics. With the continued uncontrolled increase of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), we are facing a post-antibiotic era, as current antibiotics become unable to eradicate patients’ microbial infections due to evolving human pathogens. This could seeContinue reading “Combating Antimicrobial Resistance with Bacteriocins”

The Past, Present and Future of Algal Biofuels

By Neil Nooreyezdan The idea of processing plant material to create liquid fuel is neither old nor unique. There are dozens of examples of crops (such as sugarcane, wheat, corn and molasses among others) being used to create bioethanol (Sarkar et al, 2012). Harder and Von Witsch, in 1942, were the first to propose theContinue reading “The Past, Present and Future of Algal Biofuels”

Myonuclei’s survival through atrophy

By Safiya Aldris Many people fear that if they begin working out and are unable to maintain their programme, all their previously gained strength and stamina will vanish, making their efforts a waste of time. The “myonuclear domain hypothesis” backs this up, stating that a nucleus controls a defined volume of cytoplasm; when muscles experienceContinue reading “Myonuclei’s survival through atrophy”

Neuroanatomical evidence of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs)

By Adriana Ramos Calvo Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) are a group of neurodevelopmental disorders that impact normal communication and social interaction, impairing cognitive functions and causing atypical behaviors through the decline of perception and judgment (McPartland and Volkmar, 2012). ASDs, which include: autistic disorder, pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) and Asperger’s disorder, are multi-factorialContinue reading “Neuroanatomical evidence of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs)”