The curious underworld of fungi

By Ceara Harper Fungi have been around for 1 billion years and will not be making an exit anytime soon. They are in the air we breathe, the food we eat, the ground we stand on and are entangled within our bodies. Fungi are essential to life on earth (as we know it) but areContinue reading “The curious underworld of fungi”

Semelparity: the great parental sacrifice

By Tamara Claire Fernandez Being a parent is not easy, but being a semelparous parent is deadly. In contrast to iteroparity with its multiple reproductive cycles, semelparity is a reproductive strategy where species have a single reproductive cycle ending in death (Young, 2010). Also known as ‘suicide reproduction’, this approach is employed by several animalContinue reading “Semelparity: the great parental sacrifice”

An alternative to horseshoe crab blood may save their species

By Heiloi Yip Often in life, one must make difficult decisions involving sacrifices. In a hypothetical example, the blood of a species of marine arthropods contains medicinal properties, making it invaluable to the manufacture of medicines. However, extracting the blood will kill the arthropod in the process, and multiple members of the species need toContinue reading “An alternative to horseshoe crab blood may save their species”

Animals and their Mathematics

By Nick Bitterlich Reasoning, creativity, and spatial thinking are all nurtured by mathematics, making its absence inconceivable. Humans have had the innate ability to use and analyse numbers since the dawn of civilisation, but this ability is surprisingly shared with a fascinating number of other organisms. Our intuition about numbers is rooted within our biologyContinue reading “Animals and their Mathematics”

The impact of conservation ecology on marine life

By Shahnia Surendran Marine ecosystems are vast, highly saline bodies of water and are the largest aquatic ecosystems, accounting for 97% of the planet’s water supply and 90% of habitable space on Earth (Nunez, 2019). They are characterised by the interactions between biotic factors and sterile abiotic factors, fundamental to the biological communities associated withContinue reading “The impact of conservation ecology on marine life”

Bioluminescence: The Lights in the Deep, Dark Sea

By Tanjim Sayeeda In the deepest and darkest parts of the ocean where the sun does not reach, there exists a unique and extraordinary form of light known as bioluminescence. Many marine organisms such as the anglerfish, jellyfish and squid can illuminate in the dark. In addition to bioluminescence providing beautiful specks of colour withinContinue reading “Bioluminescence: The Lights in the Deep, Dark Sea”

The mystery of our missing megafauna

By Rachel Chan Giant ground sloths, super-sized beavers, three metre tall kangaroos. Like something from a Lewis Carroll novel, these are a few animals of the extensive megafauna that walked (and flew and swam) the Earth tens of thousands of years ago. Generally, any animal weighing above 40kg constitutes as megafauna (Roberts, 2001). As AlfredContinue reading “The mystery of our missing megafauna”

We’re all going to die: The 6th mass extinction

By Zhuying Ser Although the title of this article is dramatic and possibly over exaggerated, it is not entirely untrue. If the “we” in the statement represents the entirety of life on Earth, statistics show that we are in fact dying. The biodiversity of living organisms in the world is rapidly dropping as more andContinue reading “We’re all going to die: The 6th mass extinction”

Drawing the line regarding species classification

By Nitara Wijayatilake Providing a definition for a ‘species’ is in no way, simple. Defining this term is of such value because it acts a unit of comparison, relevant in the classification of groups of living organisms and the measurement of biological diversity. Mayden (1999) identified at least 22 species concepts being used in modernContinue reading “Drawing the line regarding species classification”

The mysterious cause of Colony Collapse Disorder

By Heiloi Yip Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) is a phenomenon that affects honey bee hives, severely crippling the health of the colony. A large proportion of the colony’s worker bees mysteriously disappear, leaving the queen and larvae behind to starve or freeze to death. This phenomenon can occur rapidly, with collapse happening within a fewContinue reading “The mysterious cause of Colony Collapse Disorder”