New horizons for breast reconstruction 

By Themis Halka Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in females, affecting 1 in 8 women in the UK.1 Several treatment options are available, including radiotherapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and surgery. Surgery currently remains extensively used, either alone or in combination. Two such surgical procedures are available depending on the type and stageContinue reading New horizons for breast reconstruction 

Wearable technology and its impacts on healthcare and fashion

By Asia Lie Wearable technology is a growing sector in the technology industry. With a market size of 115.8 billion USD in 2021, its size is expected to triple by 20281. Wearable technology is extensive and includes a variety of devices, or wearables, worn on or attached to a person2. The industry encompasses products fromContinue reading “Wearable technology and its impacts on healthcare and fashion”

Facemasks that can diagnose COVID

By Madeleine Eaton At this point in the pandemic, we’ve all become familiar with the COVID-19 test – shoving a swab down one’s nose or throat until they sneeze or paying exorbitant amounts for PCR certificates. But what if there were a different way – something user friendly and low cost that could be adaptedContinue reading Facemasks that can diagnose COVID

Reverse engineering: turning Jurassic Park into reality

By Clarie Lo In 1990, the science fiction novel Jurassic Park was published. People were fascinated by the idea of constructing a theme park with dinosaurs freely roaming on the island. As a writer with a background in anthropology, Michael Crichton’s attempt in describing how these extinct creatures were cloned from DNA found in mosquitoesContinue reading Reverse engineering: turning Jurassic Park into reality

Engineering Bacteria to Mitigate Climate Change

By Ellie Fung When considering climate change mitigation, images of a forest of wind turbines overlooking expansive fields of solar panels and sleek electric cars whirring past towering green buildings often come to mind. After all, grand challenges necessitate grand solutions. However, interest has been growing recently in the manipulation of microbial metabolic systems forContinue reading “Engineering Bacteria to Mitigate Climate Change”

Bio-textiles: Synthetics, Science and Sustainability

By Yu Kiu Victor Chan There is no question that the textiles industry is highly unsustainable. Production and processing of common textiles, such as cotton, harms the environment by consuming enormous amounts of fresh water, as well as creating water pollution and increasing soil acidity. Depending on where the cotton is grown, one kilogram ofContinue reading “Bio-textiles: Synthetics, Science and Sustainability”

Applying Deep Learning Towards Cancer Prognosis

By Ayoush Srivastava The earliest record of cancer was found in a trauma surgery textbook from ancient Egypt; it described that for the disease, “there is no treatment” (ACS Medical Content, Editorial, and News Staff, 2014). Thousands of years later, cancer remains a formidable force, causing one-sixth of deaths across the globe (Zhu et al.,Continue reading “Applying Deep Learning Towards Cancer Prognosis”

An Investigation into the modern-day prosthetic

By Bishr Albadri Despite great progress in synthetic biology and prosthetic design, overcoming the detrimental effects associated with the loss of a limb remains a challenge. The repercussions of losing a limb are not sufficiently compensated by many of today’s prosthetics due to their locomotive restrictions. This review details the intricacies of applying a prostheticContinue reading “An Investigation into the modern-day prosthetic”

Genomic Imprinting: The Barrier to Same-Sex Reproduction?

By Lucy Hamer Parthenogenesis describes a natural form of reproduction which occurs without any male contribution. An embryo develops from spontaneous activation of an unfertilised egg cell which contains a complete set of somatic chromosomes from the mother. Another related mode of reproduction, gynogenesis, requires the presence of sperm to activate the egg but theContinue reading “Genomic Imprinting: The Barrier to Same-Sex Reproduction?”

Designing Biological Systems through Machine Learning

By Shirin Bamezai One of the most promising approaches to tackling global challenges in health and sustainability is biosystems design. Biosystems design is the purposeful manipulation of biological systems (from the nucleic acid level, to entire cells) through engineering principles, ideally within a “design-build-test-iterate (or deploy)” cycle (el Karoui, Hoyos-Flight and Fletcher, 2019). Constructing novelContinue reading “Designing Biological Systems through Machine Learning”