Endometriosis and its link to fertility

By Katherine Bethell  Endometriosis is a condition that affects up to 15% of all women and is the most common cause of chronic pelvic pain (Parasar P et al., 2017). It is a condition characterised by oestrogen-dependent inflammation which affects pelvic tissue, commonly occurring in teenagers and young adults as they begin menstruating (Vercellini PContinue reading “Endometriosis and its link to fertility”

Conducting Clinical Trials for Rare Diseases

By Yuki Agarwala Clinical trials are designed to understand the clinical outcome of particular drugs by observing human subjects in controlled experimental conditions. Clinical trials are conducted with a variety of subjects whose treatments are randomized to limit the inherent confirmation bias of receiving treatment. This allows scientists to determine causality in randomized controlled trialsContinue reading “Conducting Clinical Trials for Rare Diseases”

Apple cider vinegar and weight loss: does it really work?

By Adriana Ramos Calvo What do you obtain when you crush, distill and ferment apples? One gets apple cider vinegar (ACV), which in the past was used as an antibiotic, to improve strength, and even for “detoxification”. This compound contains high levels of acetic acid, which might be responsible for its supposed benefits (5-6% asContinue reading “Apple cider vinegar and weight loss: does it really work?”

Burn Injuries: Pathophysiology, Treatment and Rehabilitation

By Audrey Ko A burn injury happens when the skin is in contact with a heat source, including hot water, fire, electricity, and chemicals (Warby & Maani, 2019). While minor burns take few days to heal, severe ones if not managed well could lead to serious complications such as sepsis, multiple organ failure, and evenContinue reading “Burn Injuries: Pathophysiology, Treatment and Rehabilitation”

Tyrosinase inhibitors in skincare: what are they and why are they in popular demand?

By Esha Kulkarni The skincare industry is currently on the rise due to celebrity promotions, social media influencers, and commercials. Awareness of specific key ingredients in skincare such as salicylic acid, niacinamide, ascorbic acid, and hyaluronic acid have been the talk of the show lately. The basic mechanisms by which these key ingredients work haveContinue reading “Tyrosinase inhibitors in skincare: what are they and why are they in popular demand?”

Revolutionising Early Cancer Diagnosis – PanSeer & GALLERI

By Sreenidhi Venkatesh The development of cancer diagnostics and treatments is a leading sector of biomedical research with over $5 billion and £455 million being invested in cancer research by the National Cancer Institute US and Cancer Research UK, respectively (CRUK, 2020; National Cancer Research, 2021). Screening and diagnosis of cancers forms an important facetContinue reading “Revolutionising Early Cancer Diagnosis – PanSeer & GALLERI”

Eating disorders: who is really at risk?

By Adriana Ramos Calvo     Eating disorders (EDs) are a type of deadly and surprisingly common psychiatric disorders. The most common variants are bulimia nervosa, anorexia nervosa and binge-eating disorders, but many more, however, are also diagnosed on a daily basis all around the world (Lutter, 2017). According to the National Eating Disorder Association (NEDA),Continue reading “Eating disorders: who is really at risk?”

Stem cell therapy for leukemia

By Jenny Tang    Stem cells have the ability to dedifferentiate into different types of cells in the body and can be used to replace damaged cells. This theory had led to the creation of stem cell therapies which can, in theory, be used to treat patients who have suffered, for example, spinal cord injuries, orContinue reading “Stem cell therapy for leukemia”

Skinny Legend: The Truth Behind Weight Loss Supplements

By Sophya Yeoh In an age of convenience where almost anything can be procured almost immediately, it is no wonder why many try to apply this approach to weight loss. This is further fuelled by the societal pressure to have an “ideal” body shape that is plastered all over social media, while most live aContinue reading “Skinny Legend: The Truth Behind Weight Loss Supplements”

Eating disorders: who is really at risk?

By Adriana Ramos Calvo Eating disorders (EDs) are a type of deadly and surprisingly common psychiatric disorders. The most common variants are bulimia nervosa, anorexia nervosa and binge-eating disorders, but many more, however, are also diagnosed on a daily basis all around the world (Lutter, 2017). According to the National Eating Disorder Association (NEDA), eatingContinue reading “Eating disorders: who is really at risk?”