How Are Antivirals used in Influenza Virus Infection?

By Yuchen Lin Influenza virus infection, commonly known as the flu, is a widespread respiratory disease. There are four types of influenza viruses: Type A, B, C, and D. The first three types have the ability of human-infection, whilst Type D viral infection has not yet been detected in humans but is well known toContinue reading “How Are Antivirals used in Influenza Virus Infection?”

Could Caesarean births be responsible for childhood allergies?

By Katherine Bethell  In the last several decades the number of births by caesarean section has increased dramatically to approximately 30% of all deliveries (Bager P et al., 2008). Whilst this rate has been increasing, so has the incidence of allergic diseases including food allergy, eczema, allergic rhinitis and asthma (Bjorksten B, 2004). It hasContinue reading “Could Caesarean births be responsible for childhood allergies?”

The Gut Microbiota and its Impact on Human Health

By Tanjim Sayeeda Our bodies are inhabited by trillions of microorganisms ranging from archaea, protozoa, single-celled eukaryotes and viruses (Eloe-Fadrosh & Rasko, 2013). These microscopic organisms, termed microbiota, outnumber human cells 10 to 1 and are extremely rich in their diversity (Sender, Fuchs & Milo, 2016). They form various relationships with their hosts, such asContinue reading “The Gut Microbiota and its Impact on Human Health”

How tiny microorganisms lead to big changes: the role of the microbiome in obesity

By Ellie Fung In the midst of the current pandemic, it is easy to forget about the trillion other microbial species that thrive within humans apart from COVID-19. But what if a subset of these microbes has the potential to elevate the severity and fatality of coronavirus infections by contributing to obesity (Sanchis-Gomar et al.,Continue reading “How tiny microorganisms lead to big changes: the role of the microbiome in obesity”

Virophages and Giant Viruses: Redefining Life on Earth

By Wang Jia Hua Viruses are classically defined as obligate intracellular parasites which require a host cell for replication, as they lack their own metabolic machinery for energy generation and protein synthesis. They possess an astounding genomic and morphological diversity and are the most abundant biological entities within the biosphere (Mougari et al., 2019). Currently,Continue reading “Virophages and Giant Viruses: Redefining Life on Earth”

100 years on: A comparison of the Spanish flu and Covid-19

By Alexandra Grba Between 1918-1919, what is now known as the Spanish flu devastated the planet in the deadliest pandemic in modern human history. Arising in three distinct waves, it affected a third of the global population and took the lives of at least 50 million people (Bristow, 2012). As we descend into the secondContinue reading “100 years on: A comparison of the Spanish flu and Covid-19”

What is COVID-19? A Basic Overview of the Global Pandemic

By Daniel Lo The current outbreak Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) was first emerged in December 2019 in Wuhan, China. COVID-19 is caused by the novel coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which has led to ~ 32 million cases of infection and over 977,000 deaths worldwide. It was then classified as a pandemicContinue reading “What is COVID-19? A Basic Overview of the Global Pandemic”

Could the Tumour Microbiome be the Next Generation of Cancer Treatment?

By Ellie Fung With the many findings of its significant contributions to health and disease, the human microbiome has been studied extensively for its potential as a novel target for disease diagnosis and treatment. While studies of gut bacteria have dominated much of microbiome research, microbial communities have also been detected in tumours, prompting speculationContinue reading “Could the Tumour Microbiome be the Next Generation of Cancer Treatment?”

How Yeast could be the Solution for Water Pollution

By Justin Bauer The Flint Water Crisis began in 2014 and has still not ended, drawing worldwide attention to the effect of metal pollutants in water. Agricultural runoff, oil leaks, and burning of fossil fuels all contribute to contaminated waters. This can have many negative effects both on humans and sea life, ranging from diseasesContinue reading “How Yeast could be the Solution for Water Pollution”