Why our obsession with sleep is very much justified

By Zhu Ying Ser Although humans sleep for about a third of our lives, there is still a lot we don’t know about it. The complete mechanisms of sleep are still an enigma to biologists and neuroscientists around the world but researchers at Melbourne, Australia define sleep as reversible unconsciousness with particular brain wave patterns;Continue reading “Why our obsession with sleep is very much justified”

How does neuroplasticity work and how do we optimize our neuroplasticity potential?

By Jenny Tang Neuroplasticity is similar to developing and strengthening a muscle: you have to continue using the brain in order for it develop. Some muscles may be used more frequently in comparison to other muscles, which causes them to mature better. When you use certain area of the brain, it causes that area toContinue reading “How does neuroplasticity work and how do we optimize our neuroplasticity potential?”

An Exploration of the Self: A Summary of Consciousness Research

By Ethan Sim The concept of consciousness is both exceedingly familiar to laypersons and impenetrably obscure to scientists. Despite being a relatively recent addition to the neuroscientific disciplines, the academic exploration of consciousness has provided exceptionally fertile ground for debate and discussion, with a welter of theories emerging in the past decade. These debates andContinue reading “An Exploration of the Self: A Summary of Consciousness Research”

Neurovirulent Potential of COVID-19 in Humans

By Adriana Ramos Calvo  In December 2019, a novel virus, which was later named Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) by the ICTV (International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses) made its first appearance in Wuhan, China (Bchetnia, Girard, Duchaine and Laprise, 2020). The disease this virus causes (coronavirus disease 2019 or COVID-19) was declaredContinue reading “Neurovirulent Potential of COVID-19 in Humans”

Engineering: The basics of neuroscience

By Francesco Rivetti  Biology and engineering rarely intersect: biology deals with understanding the world, and engineering shapes it. Nevertheless, over time scientists have learnt how to shape the world before really understanding what they discovered. This is exactly how the basics of neuroscience were cracked. In the 18th and 19th centuries, scientists were exploring theContinue reading “Engineering: The basics of neuroscience”

How A Second X Chromosome Offers Resilience to Alzheimer’s Disease

By Chloe Teng Alzheimer’s disease is an irreversible brain disorder characterised by a progressive loss in memory and cognitive abilities, as well as the leading cause of dementia for those in their mid-60s. Over the last decade, the mortality rate of Alzheimer’s disease has increased despite contrasting decreases in mortality rates for other leading causesContinue reading “How A Second X Chromosome Offers Resilience to Alzheimer’s Disease”

Growing evidence for anatomical Mind-Gut link

By Eva Istsenko If your ‘gut is telling you’ that something is up, or you’ve ever felt ‘butterflies’ when you look at that special someone, that is because of bidirectional Brain- Gut connection. Two thin layers of over 100 million nerve cells line the gastrointestinal tract from oesophagus to rectum and are called the entericContinue reading “Growing evidence for anatomical Mind-Gut link”

Cancer Neuroscience: Managing Cancer by Getting on its Nerves

By Charlotte Hutchings Cancer is the second most common cause of death globally. Responsible for 9.6 million deaths in 2018, this global health problem is becoming an increasing burden upon all societies (Bray et al., 2018). Unfortunately, commonly applied treatment modalities, namely radiotherapy and chemotherapy, suffer from undesirable side-effects due to lack of specificity. ThatContinue reading “Cancer Neuroscience: Managing Cancer by Getting on its Nerves”

Covid-19 and Stress

By Konstantinos Kavallieros COVID-19, the disease caused by the novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is one that is multifaceted, affecting multiple organ systems, and creating immense difficulties for health care professionals – who are faced with the task of treating it without fully comprehending its pathophysiological mechanisms of action.  The elucidation ofContinue reading “Covid-19 and Stress”

Nutrition and its role in Alzheimer’s Disease

By Shahnia Surendran There are approximately 50 million people worldwide living with dementia, with an estimated 10 million new cases annually (World Health Organisation, 2019). As a result of the global population ageing phenomenon, the prevalence of dementia is estimated to double to over 100 million people by 2050 (Morris, 2009). Alzheimer’s disease (AD) isContinue reading “Nutrition and its role in Alzheimer’s Disease”