Why Do We Love Sugar and Sweets?

By Shiyi Liang Throughout the world, the consumption of sugar gives people great pleasure. But this sense of pleasure makes people crave even more sugar and can build sugar addiction. Emotions associated with sugar withdrawal for those who are addicted include feeling depressed, inactive, and anxious. It has been suggested that sugar is more addictiveContinue reading “Why Do We Love Sugar and Sweets?”

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS): A novel therapy for treating obstinate depression

By Alice Barocco Major depressive disorder (MDD), more commonly known as clinical depression, currently impacts the lives of more than 264 million people worldwide. Affecting adolescents as young as 12 years old to adults 50 and older, clinical depression is the leading cause of disability in the world (WHO, 2020). From the Latin word deprimere,Continue reading “Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS): A novel therapy for treating obstinate depression”

Dissociative identity disorders: What is it and how is it caused?

By Gio Chang Dissociation is a mental process in which an individual may disconnect from their thoughts, memories, feelings, and the surroundings (Wiginton, 2019). This is something that everyone would have experienced before, but dissociative disorders, on the other hand, are a group of mental disorders in which people have severe dissociations such that thereContinue reading “Dissociative identity disorders: What is it and how is it caused?”

The Emerging Field of Cancer Neuroscience

                                                                    By Lingyi Wang  It’s well known that the nervous system plays an important role in maintaining health and wellbeing for vertebrate organisms. Just like blood vessels distributed throughout the body, in most animals, all tissues and organs (except for cartilages and lens) are surrounded by a network of nerves, namely the peripheral nervous system (PNS).Continue reading “The Emerging Field of Cancer Neuroscience”

Axonal Regeneration: PNS vs CNS

By Marina Artemiou The term neuroregeneration refers to the regrowth or repair of nervous tissues by the generation of new neurons, glial cells, axons, myelin, or synapses. In nerve injuries that lead to axonal disruption or nerve transection, the nerve becomes divided into a proximal segment which is still attached to cell body, and aContinue reading “Axonal Regeneration: PNS vs CNS”

The motivations behind our actions: Are human beings innately good or bad?

By Naveesha Karunanayaka The question of whether humans are innately good or bad may arise when contemplating news stories from recent decades. The disregard for others and horrifying events caused by intentional human action make it difficult to believe we are born good. In exploring this, babies are a good research starting point when lookingContinue reading “The motivations behind our actions: Are human beings innately good or bad?”

Differences between paediatric and adult cancers: more than an age gap

By Anastasia Alenova Childhood cancers are less common than adult cancers. Although it might sound as reassuring news, this difference can lead to worse management of disease in children. While causes for adult cancers are better defined, especially the impact of lifestyle choices such as smoking, causes for paediatric cancers are less well-defined. A hypothesisContinue reading “Differences between paediatric and adult cancers: more than an age gap”

Is music therapy the key to treat dementia?

By Luciano Marinelli Dementia affects more than 50 million people, and this number is expected to triple by 2050 (World Health Organization, 2017), thus constituting a big challenge in healthcare and research. It involves significant cognitive deficits in memory and language as well as behavioural impairments such as depression. While most of the current treatmentsContinue reading “Is music therapy the key to treat dementia?”

Are Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease caused by prion-like mechanisms?

By Helen Luojia Zhang Neuronal dysfunction and brain damage due to accumulation and aggregation of misfolding proteins is a hallmark event in neurodegenerative diseases (Soto & Pritzkow, 2018). Although many different proteins are involved in different neurodegenerative disorders, the process of protein misfolding and aggregation remains similar. It has been suggested that misfolded protein aggregatesContinue reading “Are Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease caused by prion-like mechanisms?”

Dissecting Fear and Anxiety: Why Do We Feel Scared?

By MingMing Yang Have you ever wondered how this feeling is generated? Fear is an inevitable experience that everyone will go through at some point in life. As unpleasant as it feels sometimes, it is what keeps us away from danger, an important emotion to have for survival. Imagine an animal who does not runContinue reading “Dissecting Fear and Anxiety: Why Do We Feel Scared?”